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Goldie:如何更客观地回答雅思口语一三部分比较泛的问题

来源:新航道 原创作者:Goldie 浏览:0 发布日期:2015-04-24 15:36

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  雅思口语一三部分的问题从难度上来讲,可以分为两类。一类是针对性很强的问题,大都关于考生个人喜好、经历或看法。另一类则是范围比较广的问题,涉及对象可能是某一社会群体,比如老人或小孩,男性或女性,甚至没有直接提及问题是针对哪类人群而言。很多考生都能够很顺利地回答比较有针对性的问题,比如Do you like travelling to natural places? 或者Have you ever gone camping? 而对于倾向不明确的问题,考生很容易出现举棋不定、思路不清的状况,进而导致语无伦次,逻辑混乱,分数自然很难上去。本文为大家分析了回答这类问题的经典语篇结构并总结了常用视角,帮助考生面对这类问题时,迅速找到一个出发点,然后更客观地分情况论述。
  首先,我们来看一个例题:Do you think fashion is important? 很多考生听到这个问题,马上就想到自己的情况,喜欢追求时尚的人就会说:Yes, I think fashion is an important factor in our daily life. It shows our personalities and gives us confidence. Fashion is also a way to practice our creativity. Because people tend to judge us from the first impression we leave on them, so fashion says a lot about us. 那么不追求时尚的考生就会讲:Well, I don’t really think fashion is as important as some other things in life, such as your study or work, your interpersonal relations and so on. It’s a pure waste of money and time to pursue fashion. And we can’t keep our appearance forever anyway. So, I don’t think it’s worth the efforts to follow the fashion trend. 但是,我们回头看看,这个问题是问“你认为时尚重要吗?”虽是你的个人观点,但不能因为个人喜好而片面回答时尚的重要与否。所以这个问题最合适的回答应该是分情况而论。那么,划分情况的依据又是什么呢?我们需要寻找一些视角(perspective)。先来看一个参考答案:I suppose there’s not an absolute answer to this question. I mean the importance of fashion varies with different occupations. It makes totally diverse sense when it comes to a fashion model and a farmer. Fashion can be as important as your career, while it can be clumsily unnecessary for a farmer in the field or an athlete in the match. 从这份答案中,我们很容易看出,职业决定着时尚的重要性。所以这里的occupation就是我们的视角。实际上,更客观地回答倾向模糊的问题并不难,只要我们迅速找到回答问题的视角,接下来的分情况论述就非常简单了,只需要注意一下if 真实条件句的主从句时态就好了。
  是不是这个问题只能视职业而论呢?答案是否定的。我们仔细思考会发现,个人兴趣爱好、年龄、经济条件等也是时尚对一个人来说是否重要的决定因素。所以,这类问题的好处在于考生可选择的范围比较广。只需要选择一个自己认为比较重要的视角,然后分情况阐述就可以了。当然,语言表达从来都是自由的,在答案的后面加上一句There are also some other decisive factors to the importance of fashion, such as age, personal interest and financial condition. 相信考官一定会认可你的全方位思维。
  为充分体现语言的丰富性,给考生提供更多的参考样本,本文列举如下问题及答案:Do you prefer to spend your spare time alone or with others? Well, I guess it depends on what I do. In my spare time, I normally read books or play sports. If I read, I prefer to find a quiet place so that I can concentrate well. But when I feel like playing sports, I’d gather with my friends, coz I get better motivation playing in a group. 同样,该问题还可以从time, weather, mood等视角出发,分别论述不同情况下自己的选择。再看一例:Do you prefer to travel by train or airplane? For different distances, I may choose different means of transportation. An express train should be the best choice if I visit Xiamen, which is only a couple of hours away. However, nothing can beat an airplane to get me there if my destination is New York. So, it really depends. 除了distance外,money, time, with who, weather等都可以作为论述的出发点。
  为方便考生练习,以下列举了类似的广泛问题,可以模仿样本,参照先给主旨句 It depends on+名词/从句,然后以两个if真实条件句分别陈述两种情况即可,语速和表达程度更好的考生还可以顺带提及其他决定条件,从而做出个性化同时更客观的回答。
1.    Do you prefer to travel by train or airplane?
2.    Do you think it's very important for people to do a job that they like?
3.    Do you prefer to do things in a family group or a group of friends?
4.    Do you prefer visiting others or being visited at home?
5.    Do you prefer comfortable shoes or pretty shoes?
6.    Do you prefer shopping in supermarkets or street markets?
7.    Do you prefer to write by hand or type on a computer?
8.    Do you think having a good look is important?
9.    Do you prefer to watch a movie at home or in a cinema?
10.    Do you prefer traveling on your own or with your friends?
11.    Do men and women tend to read the same kind of books?
12.    Do advertisements (ever) influence your choice about what to buy?
13.    Do you think it's easy to choose what to give to other people?
14.    Do you think gift-giving is very important?
  以上是对雅思口语一三部分倾向比较模糊的理论分析。但语言的宗旨是自由表达,本来可以辩证的问题也就不存在绝对正确的答案。所以,本文为大家提供的思路和观点只是在大家口语表达的路途中增添了更客观的选择和参考,并没有任何强迫使用之意。真实练习中或考场上还是得遵循自己的第一反应,只要合情合理,表达流畅6分甚至以上是不成问题的。
 

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