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Monica:G类雅思作文之书信写作

来源:新航道 浏览:0 发布日期:2015-05-05 13:45

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G类雅思作文之书信写作

                                                                                                                                                                     --福州新航道Monica

  1. G类写作介绍

 

  1. 书信写作

 

  1. 三大纪律

 

2.1.1 根据写信对象和书信类型选择Formal, semi-formal or informal 的语言风格

 

(偏非正式)Individuals:

Everyday communication, invitation, suggestion and thank you

 

(正式)Organizations:

Inquiry, job, suggestion, complaint, thank you and lost & found

 

2.1.2 发挥想象力编造细节

 

You have recently started work in a new company. Write a letter to an English-speaking friend. In your letter,

 

  • Explain why you changed jobs
  • Describe your new job
  • Tell him or her your other news

 

2.1.3 采用齐头式或缩进式的格式

 

2.2 书信基本结构:

 

Dear___,

 

  1. State your purpose of writing briefly (1-2 sentences)( to merit a score of 7, you have to give a clear purpose in the letter)
  2. Respond to the requirements of the task(2 paragraphs-8 sentences in total)
  3. Looking forward to reply(1-2 sentences)

 

Best wishes

 

  1.  五种类型的书信

 

  1. 请求信

 

You are organizing a trip to the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales for a group of students from Perth in Western Australia. Write to the manager of Student Hostel Services and explain:

  • when you want to visit the Snowy Mountains
  • how long you will stay
  • how many students are in your party, and what accommodation you will require.

 

Model answer:

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am writing to seek accommodation in the Snowy Mountains for a group of students from Perth.

We expect to be in the Snowy Mountains between June 1 and June 12. There are fourteen people in our group, five men, seven women and a married couple. The five men will accept dormitory accommodation, and the women are happy to share rooms, but the married couple would like a double room. We hope to keep our expenses as low as possible.

Please tell me about recreational services in the area. The group will bring their own boots for bushwalking, but we are hoping to hire equipment for other sports, like skiing. Some of our group will want to hire geological picks and other equipment, if possible. We also need to know about access to caves and other interesting geological features in the area.

I am looking forward to receiving information about the Student Hostel Services and other facilities.

Yours sincerely,
Amanda Chan

 

Useful expressions:

 

The first sentence:

 

I am writing to request your assistance.

Would you please advise me regarding…

I would like to request materials for…

I would be very grateful if you could send me information on…

I would like to inquire about…

 

Make a reservation:

 

I would like to reserve one room for…from…to…

The room should be big enough to accommodate…people comfortably.

I wish to reserve it in advance to…

I would appreciate your promptly reply regarding the availability of…

 

Apply for a job:

 

I am writing to express my interest in your recently advertised position for a…

I am writing in response to your advertisement in…on…

This morning I happened to see your advertisement.

I would like to meet you at your earliest convenience.

Please contact me at your earliest convenience.

 

Lost & found

 

I am writing this letter to request your assistance in finding my…

 

Make an invitation

 

I am writing to invite you to…

We would feel really honored if you could come.

I would be more than happy if…

I really hope you can make it.

 

The last sentence

 

I would be very grateful if you would consider this request at your earliest convenience.

Thank you for your kind assistance.

 

  1. 建议信

 

There are plans to make your local airport bigger and increase the number of flights. You live near the airport. Write a letter to your local council. In your letter,

  • say where you live
  • describe the problem
  • say why you do not want the development to take place

 

Model answer:

 

Dear Sir or Madam,

 

I have just read in the local newspaper, The Evening Times, that there are plans to expand the local airport here in Nanyuan and to increase the number of flights to and from it. I live on Riverside Road, which is very close to the airport and would like to take this opportunity to express my dismay at these plans.

There are two main problems with the proposed expansion. First, there will be a lot more noise from arriving and departing aircrafts. Second, there will be a massive surge in the amount of traffic using the nearby roads. Much of this traffic will consist of heavy goods vehicles that are not suited to the roads here.

The newspaper article said that one of the aims of developing the airport is to provide employment in the locality, but this is clearly not required as we already have full employment here.

I sincerely hope that you will take into consideration the enormous problems that this development will cause for local residents and not allow it to take place.

 

Yours faithfully,

David Wang

 

Useful expressions:

 

Give your suggestions

 

I would like to suggest that…

It seems to me that you could…

I am very glad to hear that…, so I am writing this letter to offer my suggestions.

 

Trip

 

I hear you are planning a trip in…

…is a must-see as it boasts…

I hope you have as much fun as I had.

 

Point out problems

 

As you must be well aware, …

 

Concluding sentence

 

That way, you will find that…

That way,  … would be ensured.

I would really appreciate it if you take my proposals into serious consideration.

 

  1. 道歉信

 

Your neighbours have recently written to you to complain about the noise from your house/flat. Write a letter to your neighbors. In your letter 

  • explain the reasons for the noise
  • apologize  
  • describe what action you will take

 

Model answer:

 

Dear James,   

 

I was very shocked to get your letter saying that the noise from my flat has been spoiling your evenings and causing you some distress. I am really, really sorry about that. I had no idea that you would be able to hear so much, so I hope you will accept my apologies.  

As you may have guessed, I am trying to refit my kitchen in the evenings when I get home from work. Unfortunately it is all getting longer than expected and I have been having problems with getting things to fit properly. This has meant a lot of banging and hammering.  

As the kitchen is still not finished, I have decided to call in a professional builder who will finish the work in the next day or two. He’ll work only during daytime hours, so you won’t be disturbed in the evenings again, I promise.  

Sorry to have caused these problems.

Bill

 

Useful expressions:

 

The first sentence

 

I’m writing to apologise for…

I would like to give you my apology for…

Please accept my sincere apology for…

 

Refuse an offer

 

In response to your kind offer of a position with your company, I am afraid that I have to decline.

However, I regret to inform you that…

 

Concluding sentence

 

I assure you the problem is temporary and it will not arise again.

I hope you are able to grant my request and apologise for…

Once again, I am sorry for the inconvenience caused.

Hope you can accept my apology and understand my situation.

Thank you for your understanding.

To make up for my thoughtless behavior, I hope to invite you to…

 

  1. 投诉信

 

You recently bought an item of clothing in another town, but found some problems with it after you returned home. Write a letter to the manager. In your letter,

  • say what happened
  • explain the problems
  • say what you would like them to do

 

Model answer:

 

Dear Sir/Madam,  

 

I recently bought a pair of trousers at your shop. Unfortunately, after wearing them only once, I have discovered two problems with them.

 

Firstly, the zip has broken, making it impossible to wear the trousers. Secondly, the bottoms of the trousers have become frayed. Both these problems can be expected after several months use, but I think it is reasonable not to find them after they have been worn once.

 

Since I do not live in Bedford, it would be inconvenient for me to return the trousers in person. Therefore, I am enclosing them and would like you to either replace them for another pair of the same size and color or to refund my money. I have enclosed the original receipt and kept a copy for myself.

 

If you need to contact me, please do so by telephone. My mobile number is 400-820-0566. Thank you in advance for dealing with this problem.

 

Yours sincerely,

John Gorden

 

Useful expressions:

 

I’m writing to bring to your attention the unprofessional attitude of one of the members of your staff.

I’m sorry to inform you that…

I wish to complain about a … which I bought …days ago in…

I’m writing to express my dissatisfaction with…

 

  1. 感谢信

 

You have just arrived in the city where you are going to spend two years for your master’s degree. You have a lot preparation to do before the new term starts, but you do not know how to go round the city. A friend you have newly acquainted offered you guidance and helped you through difficulties. Write a letter to express your thanks.

 

You should structure you letter like this:

Paragraph 2: state what the person did to help you (3-4 sentences)

Paragraph 3: state how important his/her help was (5 sentences)


Model Answer:

 

Dear David,


I am writing this letter to thank you for the guidance you gave me.

 

I was a perfect stranger when arriving at this city. Once I lost myself for not knowing the way in a downtown street, although I stopped to ask some people for direction. As you know this is the first time for me to come up to this big city.  

 

I bought a guidebook, but there were still difficulties in going round the city. The streets and shops puzzled me so much that I would rather stay indoors. It is your valuable guidance that has enabled me to go about the city without losing myself. I thank you very much for your kind help. Now I begin to know how to take the proper trolleybuses or buses. Yesterday I went downtown with some of my schoolmates to buy some stationery.

 

Lessons will begin in a few days. I will come over to see you some day next week and tell you everything that has happened to me.


Sincerely yours,

 

Useful expressions:

 

It was very enjoyable to speak with you about…

Thank you for all the help you have given me with…

Thank you for taking the time out of your busy schedule to…

I appreciate the time you took to…

I very much enjoyed…

I especially appreciate…

Your assistance has been invaluable to me during this process.

Your help and support is greatly appreciated.

 

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