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福州新航道 > 托福 > 托福独立写作:三种方法写出“大气“结尾

托福独立写作:三种方法写出“大气“结尾

来源:      浏览:      发布日期:2018-01-04 06:01

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托福独立写作怎么写才能写作“高分”?成都新航道小编今天为大家分享一篇关于托福独立写作的考试技巧,三种方法写作“大气”结尾。一起来看看吧!

 

 

相较于立论驳论,很多托福烤生似乎不太重视托福独立写作结尾段写作。但殊不知,一个完美的结尾需符合官方评分标准的两项原则,即Displays progression & syntactic variety(文章的进程感和遣词造句的多样性)。所以同学们应该走出写作误区,将结尾段也放在备考的list中,否则在真实考场中将很难在剩下不到5分钟内写好结尾。

要写好结尾段,首先我们要明白结尾段在全文起到的作用是什么。一般说来,结尾段是用来重申立场的(restatement of thesis),这里值得注意的是,结尾不要再出现新的论点了,哪怕它非常具有说服力,这时也必须忍痛割爱,否则就会因缺乏论证以及缺乏前后呼应而失分。

高分结尾,我们有至少三种解决方法。

Plan A: 重申立场+补充

Plan B: 重申立场+反方观点的弱点

Plan C: 重申立场+反问句

不难看出,这三种方法都具备两个共同要素:重申立场。得分点即要满足评分标准的syntactic variety(遣词造句的多样性),也就是说若是机械地抄题目或开头的我方立场表述,都是不可取的。

1 Plan A

题目:

There are people who learn about life by listening to their friends’ or families’ advice. On the other hand, there are those that learn from personal experience. Which one do you prefer?

我方立场:

It is better to learn from personal experience.

结尾:

In a nutshell, it is quite common for us to seek advice from our buddies or family when faced with life dilemma, but in most cases, more benefits can be available if we pick up some lessons by our own experience. After all, it is our action rather than other people’s words that determine what kind of people we want to be. (62 words)

解析:

这个结尾采用的是Plan A,重申立场使用了比较法,这也是托福结尾最常用的一种方法,因为大多数写作题目都涉及两者对比。“总而言之,当面临生活困境时人们往往会向朋友和家人求助,但在大多数情况下,如果我们自己尝试一些事情,往往会学到更多的经验。“语言转换上,使用了换主语和换词的方法,我方立场It is better to learn from personal experience,主语是It, 但在结尾换成了benefits, 整个句子即变成了more benefits can be available if we pick up some lessons by our own experience.结尾第二句话,补充了我方立场的合理性,进行了升华。”毕竟,决定我们将来成为什么样的人的关键点并非是他人的言语而是我们自己的行为。“

2 Plan B

题目:

When people go on a trip, some like to go with a friend while others like to go alone. Which do you prefer?

我方立场:

I would rather to travel with a friend.

结尾:

Taking all of the factors above into account, being accompanied by some close friends tends to be a better option when it comes to having a trip. This even makes more sense if one is fully aware of the possible dangers of travelling on one’s own, that is, being helpless when emergencies occur and having no one to share the excitement.

解析:

这个结尾采用了重申立场+反方观点的弱点。“考虑到以上所列出的论点,我们可得知当说到旅游时有人陪伴是一个更好的选择。这点更说得通,如果一个人清楚地明白独自旅行潜藏的坏处,即遇到紧急情况的无助感以及无人分享旅途的兴奋感。“语言上的主语替换尤为灵活,I would rather to travel with a friend.转换为了Being accompanied by some close friends tends to be a better option when it comes to having a trip.

3 Plan C

题目:

Some people like to live in a small town, while others like to live in a large city. If you had a choice, where would you like to live?

我方立场:

I would like to live in a big city.

结尾:

Although a growing number of serenity-seekers regard the smaller community as their dream homeland, I still opt for the metropolis for its convenience and dynamic life. When it comes to living, how can one possibly deny that the purpose of life is to explore new things that small towns fail to offer?

解析:

这个结尾采用了重申立场+反问句的写法,很大气。“尽管越来越多寻找宁静的都市人把小城市视作自己的梦想家园,但我仍然觉得大城市更胜一筹。当谈到生活,谁能否认生活的目的不就是探索新的东西吗?而这一切都是小城市无法给与 的。“ 反问句写的是反方立场的弱点,这其实在内容和Plan B是相同的,只不过用的反问句来加强语气。

相信大家看完了这篇文章,会有所收获,但是别忘了practice makes perfect这句话!赶快试下自己能否在5分钟之内完成一个高端上档次的结尾段吧!

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